The philanthropic venture capital investment model is a financing option available for social enterprises that like traditional venture capita provides capital and value added services to portfolio organizations. Through spurring the sustainability of backed ventures, the philanthropic venture capital value proposition aims at maximizing the social return on the investment. This paper examines how the financing of philanthropic venture capital deal is structured and which contractual provisions are included in the financing agreement. By content analyzing a set of semi-structured interviews and thereafter surveying the entire population of philanthropic venture capital funds active in Europe and in the United States, results suggest a high use of grants as financing instrument both on aggregate level and across all stages of development of backed organizations. If the deal is financed through grants, the philanthropic venture capitalists' deal structuring appears to differ from that characterizing traditional venture capital in that no valuation is performed and no formal contractual provisions are retained by the investor. On the contrary, trust plays a key role while shaping the relationship between investor and investees, whose importance decreases when equity is used. Findings show that moral hazard issues, which typically characterize the venture capital model, are superseded by a stewardship view of the relationship between the philanthropic venture capital investor and the backed social entrepreneur.

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Scarlata, Maria Rosa Giovanna; Alemany Gil, Luisa

Deal structuring in philanthropic venture capital investments: Financing instrument, valuation and covenants

The philanthropic venture capital investment model is a financing option available for social enterprises that like traditional venture capita provides capital and value added services to portfolio organizations. Through spurring the sustainability of backed ventures, the philanthropic venture capital value proposition aims at maximizing the social return on the investment. This paper examines how the financing of philanthropic venture capital deal is structured and which contractual provisions are included in the financing agreement. By content analyzing a set of semi-structured interviews and thereafter surveying the entire population of philanthropic venture capital funds active in Europe and in the United States, results suggest a high use of grants as financing instrument both on aggregate level and across all stages of development of backed organizations. If the deal is financed through grants, the philanthropic venture capitalists' deal structuring appears to differ from that characterizing traditional venture capital in that no valuation is performed and no formal contractual provisions are retained by the investor. On the contrary, trust plays a key role while shaping the relationship between investor and investees, whose importance decreases when equity is used. Findings show that moral hazard issues, which typically characterize the venture capital model, are superseded by a stewardship view of the relationship between the philanthropic venture capital investor and the backed social entrepreneur.
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Deal structuring in philanthropic venture capital investments: Financing instrument, valuation and covenants
Scarlata, Maria Rosa Giovanna; Alemany Gil, Luisa
Joint Special Issue Conference on Law, Ethics, and Finance, Toronto 2010
Routledge
Berln (Germany), 16/09/2010 - 18/09/2010

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