The objective of this PhD thesis is to analyse new mechanisms for the governance of World politics, which companies foster and participate in as private actors. The research aims to analyse the increase in political corporate power in international society and to advance on the theoretical understanding of the role businesses play as private authorities in global governance and how they influence and have gained influence in world politics. At the same time, they enhance the theoretical knowledge and understanding of the role business elites play in the emerging CSR transnational sphere. In this respect, the purpose is to analyse CSR as a form of global governance fostered by private interests. The first part of the thesis provides an analysis of previous studies on corporations as political actors in International Relations and International Political Economy. The aim of the theoretical research is to build a conceptual clarification with regard to the concept of global governance, power and authority focused on the transformation of transnational regulation in global governance and to enhance our understanding of business political power. The current research on the structure and processes of global governance highlights five empirical trends: First, the growth of the scale and the scope of non-state actors; second, the emergence of new governance systems that connect different constituencies, such as public and private actors; third, the growing legalisation surrounding environmental and social transnational politics; fourth, the segmentation of rule-making into different functional clusters and among multiple authorities; and, fifth, the emergence of new mechanisms at the global level, often in the form of novel institutional arrangements and actor coalitions. This part also focuses on the revision of the concepts that allow us to analyse the political role of businesses in the global political economy. The research attempts to understand the emergence of CSR beyond international public law in order to advance on knowledge regarding participation by private authorities in global governance. To understand the structure of CSR, the study focuses on the different range of critical approaches used to understand the influence of neoliberalism in the development of the new world order and the emergence of CSR. The second part focuses on global governance theoretical approaches and the emergence of new regulating transnational arrangements that have achieved effective solutions, transcending national boundaries and institutionalising the behaviour of private actors around a set of consciously devised and relatively specific global rules. From an institutional point of view, the emerging private regulating arrangements highlight the increasing density of rule-based interactions that have gradually given rise to an organisational field of transnational rule-making in global governance. The analyses adopt a matrix to classify the new typology of transnational regulation arrangements in which private authorities participate. The research focuses the study on the emergence of these new arrangements promoted by private authorities in dialogue and cooperation with global civil society organizations and other constellations of actors. The research also analyses the emergence of CSR within the framework of the global political economy. The study of CSR shows how it is based on the development of business self-regulation and the emergence of a new global public domain where NGOs and other networks within global civil society engage with the corporate sector to expand the web of corporate accountability, sustainability, labour and human rights initiatives. From this point of view, the critical international political economy approach lets us understand neoliberalism's influence and the role of business elites in CSR. Finally, the third part centers on the empirical analysis of CSR¿s institutionalization, taking into account t

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Albareda Vivó, Laura

La contribución de las autoridades privadas a la gobernanza global: las élites empresariales en las iniciativas de responsabilidad social de la empresa

07/2009
itemDefault The objective of this PhD thesis is to analyse new mechanisms for the governance of World politics, which companies foster and participate in as private actors. The research aims to analyse the increase in political corporate power in international society and to advance on the theoretical understanding of the role businesses play as private authorities in global governance and how they influence and have gained influence in world politics. At the same time, they enhance the theoretical knowledge and understanding of the role business elites play in the emerging CSR transnational sphere. In this respect, the purpose is to analyse CSR as a form of global governance fostered by private interests. The first part of the thesis provides an analysis of previous studies on corporations as political actors in International Relations and International Political Economy. The aim of the theoretical research is to build a conceptual clarification with regard to the concept of global governance, power and authority focused on the transformation of transnational regulation in global governance and to enhance our understanding of business political power. The current research on the structure and processes of global governance highlights five empirical trends: First, the growth of the scale and the scope of non-state actors; second, the emergence of new governance systems that connect different constituencies, such as public and private actors; third, the growing legalisation surrounding environmental and social transnational politics; fourth, the segmentation of rule-making into different functional clusters and among multiple authorities; and, fifth, the emergence of new mechanisms at the global level, often in the form of novel institutional arrangements and actor coalitions. This part also focuses on the revision of the concepts that allow us to analyse the political role of businesses in the global political economy. The research attempts to understand the emergence of CSR beyond international public law in order to advance on knowledge regarding participation by private authorities in global governance. To understand the structure of CSR, the study focuses on the different range of critical approaches used to understand the influence of neoliberalism in the development of the new world order and the emergence of CSR. The second part focuses on global governance theoretical approaches and the emergence of new regulating transnational arrangements that have achieved effective solutions, transcending national boundaries and institutionalising the behaviour of private actors around a set of consciously devised and relatively specific global rules. From an institutional point of view, the emerging private regulating arrangements highlight the increasing density of rule-based interactions that have gradually given rise to an organisational field of transnational rule-making in global governance. The analyses adopt a matrix to classify the new typology of transnational regulation arrangements in which private authorities participate. The research focuses the study on the emergence of these new arrangements promoted by private authorities in dialogue and cooperation with global civil society organizations and other constellations of actors. The research also analyses the emergence of CSR within the framework of the global political economy. The study of CSR shows how it is based on the development of business self-regulation and the emergence of a new global public domain where NGOs and other networks within global civil society engage with the corporate sector to expand the web of corporate accountability, sustainability, labour and human rights initiatives. From this point of view, the critical international political economy approach lets us understand neoliberalism's influence and the role of business elites in CSR. Finally, the third part centers on the empirical analysis of CSR¿s institutionalization, taking into account t
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La contribución de las autoridades privadas a la gobernanza global: las élites empresariales en las iniciativas de responsabilidad social de la empresa
Albareda Vivó, Laura
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB)

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