We show that the existence of gender differences in performance is highly sensitive to the task used to measure performance, to existing stereotypes and to informational conditions. Out of sixteen purposely designed treatments we find that women underperform when competing only when two conditions are met: 1) the task used is perceived as favoring men and 2) the presence of a rival is strongly primed through information provided before competing. Such sensitivity sheds light on the contradictory evidence found on stereotype-threat causing gender differences in performance under competition.

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Iriberri , Nagore; Rey Biel, Pedro

Stereotypes are only a threat when beliefs are reinforced. On the sentitivity of gender differences in performance under competition to information provision

03/2017
We show that the existence of gender differences in performance is highly sensitive to the task used to measure performance, to existing stereotypes and to informational conditions. Out of sixteen purposely designed treatments we find that women underperform when competing only when two conditions are met: 1) the task used is perceived as favoring men and 2) the presence of a rival is strongly primed through information provided before competing. Such sensitivity sheds light on the contradictory evidence found on stereotype-threat causing gender differences in performance under competition.
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Stereotypes are only a threat when beliefs are reinforced. On the sentitivity of gender differences in performance under competition to information provision
Iriberri , Nagore; Rey Biel, Pedro
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Vol. 135, n -, 03/2017, p. 99 - 111

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