In this paper, based on the results obtained from a recent regional study on civil service professionalization in Central America and the Dominican Republic, and from two other evaluations conducted previously by the very same task force, it is presented the situation of civil services in this region. The contents are organized in the following way. Firstly, it is exposed the conceptual framework and analytical methodology designed for the study. Secondly, it is developed its main results grouped according to five indexes (efficiency, merit, structural consistency, functional capacity and integration capacity) that constitute the main quality measures for an institutional system of public employment, according to the conceptual framework. Thirdly, it is offered a complementary view of the results, this time organized in terms of seven human resource management subsystems, which allow for a more instrumental approach and, therefore, for a more precise diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses of policies and practices in each country. From these results, the main conclusion is that there have been slight advances in human resource planning and meritocratic incorporation of public officers in several countries in the region. Nevertheless, there are still big challenges in terms of performance appraisals, compensation and development management, which make it very difficult to establish effective incentive structures for public employees. The document closes with a series of suggestions of critical issues to consider in order to professionalize civil services in Central American countries.

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Longo Martínez, Francisco; Iacoviello, Mercedes

Towards a more professional public employment in Central America

06/2013
In this paper, based on the results obtained from a recent regional study on civil service professionalization in Central America and the Dominican Republic, and from two other evaluations conducted previously by the very same task force, it is presented the situation of civil services in this region. The contents are organized in the following way. Firstly, it is exposed the conceptual framework and analytical methodology designed for the study. Secondly, it is developed its main results grouped according to five indexes (efficiency, merit, structural consistency, functional capacity and integration capacity) that constitute the main quality measures for an institutional system of public employment, according to the conceptual framework. Thirdly, it is offered a complementary view of the results, this time organized in terms of seven human resource management subsystems, which allow for a more instrumental approach and, therefore, for a more precise diagnosis of strengths and weaknesses of policies and practices in each country. From these results, the main conclusion is that there have been slight advances in human resource planning and meritocratic incorporation of public officers in several countries in the region. Nevertheless, there are still big challenges in terms of performance appraisals, compensation and development management, which make it very difficult to establish effective incentive structures for public employees. The document closes with a series of suggestions of critical issues to consider in order to professionalize civil services in Central American countries.
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Towards a more professional public employment in Central America
Longo Martínez, Francisco; Iacoviello, Mercedes
Revista del CLAD Reforma y Democracia
Nº 56, 06/2013, p. 5 - 15

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